Conception of Absolute Truth

The conception of God and the conception of Absolute Truth are not on the same level. The Srimad-Bhägavatam hits on the target of the Absolute Truth. The conception of God indicates the controller, whereas the conception of the Absolute Truth indicates the summum bonum or the ultimate source of all energies. There is no difference of opinion about the personal feature of God as the controller because a controller cannot be impersonal. Of course modern government, especially democratic government, is impersonal to some extent, but ultimately the chief executive head is a person, and the impersonal feature of government is subordinate to the personal feature. So without a doubt whenever we refer to control over others we must admit the existence of a personal feature. Because there are different controllers for different managerial positions, there may be many small gods. According to the Bhagavad-geeta any controller who has some specific extraordinary power is called a vibhütimat sattva, or controller empowered by the Lord. There are many vibhütimat sattvas, controllers or gods with various specific powers, but the Absolute Truth is one without a second. This Çrémad-Bhägavatam designates the Absolute Truth or the summum bonum as the paraà satyam.
The author of Srimad bhagavatam, Srila Vyasadeva, first offers his respectful obeisances unto the param satyam (Absolute Truth), and because the param satyam is the ultimate source of all energies, the param satyam is the Supreme Person. The gods or the controllers are undoubtedly persons, but the paraà satyam from whom the gods derive powers of control is the Supreme Person. The Sanskrit word ishvara (controller) conveys the import of God, but the Supreme Person is called the paramesvara, or the supreme ishvara. The Supreme Person, or paramesvara, is the supreme conscious personality, and because He does not derive any power from any other source, He is supremely independent. In the Vedic literatures Brahmä is described as the supreme god or the head of all other gods like Indra, Candra and Varuëa, but the Srimad-Bhägavatam confirms that even Brahmä is not independent as far as his power and knowledge are concerned. He received knowledge in the form of the Vedas from the Supreme Person who resides within the heart of every living being. That Supreme Personality knows everything directly and indirectly. Individual infinitesimal persons, who are parts and parcels of the Supreme Personality, may know directly and indirectly everything about their bodies or external features, but the Supreme Personality knows everything about both His external and internal features.
The words janmädy asya [SB 1.1.1] suggest that the source of all production, maintenance or destruction is the same supreme conscious person. Even in our present experience we can know that nothing is generated from inert matter, but inert matter can be generated from the living entity. For instance, by contact with the living entity, the material body develops into a working machine. Men with a poor fund of knowledge mistake the bodily machinery to be the living being, but the fact is that the living being is the basis of the bodily machine. The bodily machine is useless as soon as the living spark is away from it. Similarly, the original source of all material energy is the Supreme Person. This fact is expressed in all the Vedic literatures, and all the exponents of spiritual science have accepted this truth. The living force is called Brahman, and one of the greatest äcäryas (teachers), namely Sripad Sankaracharya, has preached that Brahman is substance whereas the cosmic world is category. The original source of all energies is the living force, and He is logically accepted as the Supreme Person. He is therefore conscious of everything past, present and future, and also of each and every corner of His manifestations, both material and spiritual. An imperfect living being does not even know what is happening within his own personal body. He eats his food but does not know how this food is transformed into energy or how it sustains his body. When a living being is perfect, he is aware of everything that happens, and since the Supreme Person is all-perfect, it is quite natural that He knows everything in all detail. Consequently the perfect personality is addressed in the Srimad-Bhägavatam as Väsudeva, or one who lives everywhere in full consciousness and in full possession of His complete energy. All of this is clearly explained in the Srimad-Bhägavatam, and the reader has ample opportunity to study this critically.
In the modern age Lord Sri Caitanya Mahäprabhu preached the Çrémad-Bhägavatam by practical demonstration. It is easier to penetrate into the topics of the Çrémad-Bhägavatam through the medium of Çré Caitanya's causeless mercy. Therefore a short sketch of His life and precepts is inserted herein to help the reader understand the real merit of Çrémad-Bhägavatam.
It is imperative that one learn the Srimad-Bhägavatam from the person Bhägavatam. The person Bhägavatam is one whose very life is Srimad-Bhägavatam in practice. Since Shri Caitanya Mahäprabhu is the Absolute Personality of Godhead, He is both Bhagavän and Bhägavatam in person and in sound. Therefore His process of approaching the srimad-Bhägavatam is practical for all people of the world. It was His wish that the Srimad-Bhägavatam be preached in every nook and corner of the world by those who happened to take their birth in India.
The Srimad-Bhägavatam is the science of Krishna, the Absolute Personality of Godhead of whom we have preliminary information from the text of the Bhagavad-gitä. Sri Caitanya Mahäprabhu has said that anyone, regardless of what he is, who is well versed in the science of Krishna (Srimad-Bhägavatam and Bhagavad-gita) can become an authorized preacher or preceptor in the science of Krishna.
There is a need for the science of Krishna in human society for the good of all suffering humanity of the world, and we simply request the leaders of all nations to pick up this science of Krishna for their own good, for the good of society and for the good of all the world's people.
Source: Srimad Bhagavatam first canto, (By His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada , the founder Acharya of International Society For Krishna Consciousness)

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